820 East Hillsboro Blvd.
Deerfield Beach, FL 33441

East Ocean Podiatry, Dean B Dorfman, DPM, P.A. & Dominick Sansone, DPM

Calluses

Calluses, also known as hyperkeratosis, presents as an area of hard, thickened skin that can occur across the outer side of the big toe, ball of the foot or on the heel. Although most people consider them a problem of the skin, they are actually indicative of a problem of some sort with the bone.

Calluses develop due to repeated friction and pressure, as the shoe rubs against a bone spur on the toe or foot. In response to the pressure the skin thickens. These small amounts of friction or pressure built up over long periods of time may cause a corn or callus. Shorter periods of high friction – as with running a marathon – can cause blisters and/or open sores. Calluses typically develop under a metatarsal head (the long bone that forms the ball of the foot). Calluses have painful nerves and bursal sacs (fluid-filled balloons that act as shock absorbers) beneath them, causing a wide range of symptoms: sharp shooting pain to a dull aching soreness.

Calluses can be treated with store brought callus removal products, which utilize powerful acids to peel excess skin away after multiple applications. It is important to be careful when using these products due to the fact that the acids can cause chemical burns in case of a faulty or excessive application. The treatment for calluses should begin by simply soaking the affected ares in warm soapy water. Take this opportunity to rub loose, dead skin away from the callus. Get a pumice stone or emery board to whittle away at the thickened skin. Follow this up by applying moisturizer to the areas of concern to relieve pain and keep them soft. Non-medicated corn pads or moleskin are available for purchase in stores and can help relieve the pain caused by calluses.

If you need assistance relieving calluses, please contact us today. At East Ocean Podiatry we can apply comfortable padding to the painful areas. In severe cases, medication may be prescribed to relieve inflammation. Cortisone injections into the underlying bursal sac may be called for in order to rapidly reduce pain and swelling.

Calluses may be prevented by following a few simple steps. One of the most important things you can do to show your feet some love is to reevaluate your footwear collection. As with many problems affecting the feet, poorly-fitting footwear is one of the main culprits. Wear comfortable shoes and consider utilizing an orthotic device to help address an underlying cause. Purchasing socks with heels and double thick toes can also help prevent calluses. If you are concerned about this condition, do not hesitate to set up an appointment.